Ordinary lathe processing

ca6250 (5)Nhanganyaya

Odinary lathes ari horizontal lathes anogona kugadzirisa akasiyana marudzi emabasa ekushanda senge shafts, discs, mhete, nezvimwe.

chimiro basa

Izvo zvakakosha zveiyo lathe yakajairwa ndeiyi: headstock, feed box, slide box, tool rest, tailstock, smooth screw, lead screw nemubhedha.

Headstock: Iyo inozivikanwawo seheadstock, basa rayo guru ndere kupfuudza kutenderera kubva kumota huru kuburikidza nenhevedzano yekumhanyisa shanduko masisitimu kuitira kuti shaft huru iwane mamhadhi anodiwa akasiyana ekumberi nekudzokera kumashure, uye panguva imwe chete. headstock inoparadzanisa chikamu chesimba Pass motion kubhokisi rekudya.Headstock Medium spindle chikamu chakakosha chelathe.Iko kutsetseka kweiyo spindle inomhanya pabearing kunobata zvakananga kunaka kwekugadzirisa kweiyo workpiece.Kana iko kutenderera kweiyo spindle kwakadzikira, kukosha kwekushandisa kwechishandiso chemuchina kuchaderedzwa.

Bhokisi rekudyisa: Inozivikanwawo sebhokisi rekushandisa, bhokisi rekudya rakashongedzerwa nekumhanyisa shanduko nzira yekudyisa kufamba.Gadzirisa mhanyiro yekumhanyisa kuti uwane huwandu hunodiwa hwekudya kana kukwirira, uye fambisa mafambiro kune banga kuburikidza neyakatsetseka sikuruu kana lead screw.rack yekucheka.

Lead screw uye yakatsetseka screw: inoshandiswa kubatanidza bhokisi rekudyisa uye bhokisi rinotsvedza, uye kufambisa mafambiro uye simba rebhokisi rekudyisa kubhokisi rinotsvedza, kuitira kuti inotsvedza.

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Iyo crate inowana longitudinal linear kufamba.Iyo lead screw inonyanya kushandiswa kutenderedza tambo dzakasiyana.Paunenge uchishandura mamwe mapeji echishandiso, iyo chete yakatsetseka screw inoshandiswa, uye iyo lead screw haina kushandiswa.

Slide bhokisi: Iro bhokisi rekudzora rekufambisa kwelathe.Iyo yakashongedzerwa nemeshini inoshandura kutenderera kwebhara remwenje uye siruu inotungamira kuita mutsetse wekufamba kwechishandiso chekuzorora.Iyo longitudinal feed motion uye transverse feed mafambiro echishandiso chekuzorora anoonekwa kuburikidza nemwenje bar transmission.Uye kukurumidza kufamba, kuburikidza nesiruu kutyaira chibatiso chekushandisa kugadzira longitudinal mutsara kufamba, kuitira kushandura shinda.

Chibatiso chemidziyo: Chibatiso chemidziyo chinoumbwa nemateru akati wandei ezvibatiso.Basa rayo nderekurovera chishandiso uye kuita kuti chishandiso chifambe kureba, nechemberi kana kuti obliquely.

Tailstock: Isa iyo yekumashure nzvimbo yekumisikidza tsigiro, uye unogona zvakare kuisa gomba maturusi ekugadzirisa senge madhiri uye reamers ekugadzirisa gomba.

Mubhedha: Zvikamu zvikuru zvelatheti zvakaiswa pamubhedha, kuitira kuti zvichengetedze nzvimbo yakarurama yehukama panguva yebasa.

appendix

1. Three-shaya chuck (ye cylindrical workpieces), ina-shaya chuck (yezvisina kujairika workpieces)

2. Live centre (yekugadzirisa workpieces)

3. Center furemu (yakagadzikana workpiece)

4. Nechibatiso chebanga

main feature

1. Torque yakakura pane yakaderera frequency uye yakagadzikana kubuda

2. High-performance vector control

3. Fast dynamic torque response uye high speed stabilization kururama

4. Zvinyoronyoro uye kumira nekukurumidza

5. Simba rinopesana nekupindira

Maitiro ekushanda
1. Kuongorora usati watyaira
1.1 Wedzera girisi yakakodzera zvinoenderana nemuchina wekuzora chati.

1.2 Tarisa zvese zvivakwa zvemagetsi, kubata, kutapurirana zvikamu, dziviriro uye ega ega zvishandiso zvakakwana, zvakavimbika uye zvinochinjika.

1.3 Giya rega rega rinofanirwa kunge riri pa zero chinzvimbo, uye tension yebhandi inofanirwa kusangana nezvinodiwa.

1.4 Hazvibvumirwi kuchengetedza zvinhu zvesimbi zvakananga pamubhedha, kuitira kuti zvisakanganise mubhedha.

1.5 Iyo workpiece ichagadziriswa haina madhaka nejecha, kudzivirira madhaka nejecha kuti zvisadonhe muberere uye kupera simba renjanji.

1.6 Chishandiso chisati chasungwa, bvunzo yemotokari isina chinhu inofanira kuitwa.Mushure mekusimbisa kuti zvese zvakajairika, workpiece inogona kutakurwa.

2. Maitiro ekushanda
2.1 Mushure mekuisirwa workpiece, tanga pombi yekuzora mafuta kutanga kuita kuti mafuta aite kuti asangane nezvinodiwa zvemuchina usati watanga.

2.2 Paunenge uchigadzirisa giya rekuchinja, paunenge uchigadzirisa gumbo rakarembera, simba remagetsi rinofanira kubviswa.Mushure mekugadzirisa, mabhoti ose anofanira kusimbiswa, wrench inofanira kubviswa nenguva, uye workpiece inofanira kubviswa nokuda kwekushanda kwekuedza.

2.3 Mushure mekutakura uye kuburitsa iyo workpiece, iyo chuck wrench uye inoyangarara zvikamu zveworkpiece inofanira kubviswa nekukurumidza.

2.4 Iyo tailstock, crank handle, nezvimwe zvemuchina chishandiso chinogadziriswa kunzvimbo dzakakodzera zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa zvekugadzirisa, uye ichasimbiswa kana kusungwa.

2.5 Zvishandiso, maturusi uye zvigadziriso zvinofanirwa kuiswa zvakachengeteka.Chishandiso chesimba chinoyangarara chinofanira kuwedzera mutobvu-muchikamu muchikamu chebasa usati watanga mudziyo wemuchina.

2.6 Paunenge uchishandisa zororo repakati kana zororo rekushandisa, nzvimbo yacho inofanirwa kugadziridzwa zvakanaka, uye panofanirwa kuve nekuzora kwakanaka uye kutsigira nzvimbo dzekusangana.

2.7 Paunenge uchigadzira zvinhu zvakareba, chikamu chinobuda kuseri kwegomba guru hachifanirwe kunge chakareba.

2.8 Pakudyisa banga, banga rinofanira kusvika pabasa zvishoma nezvishoma kuti risadhumhane;kumhanya kwengoro kunofanirwa kuve kwakafanana.Kana uchichinja chishandiso, chishandiso uye workpiece inofanira kuchengetedza chinhambwe chakakodzera.

2.9 Chishandiso chekucheka chinofanira kusungirirwa, uye kureba kwechishandiso chekutenderedza kazhinji hakupfuuri 2.5 times the gobvu yechishandiso.

2.1.0 Paunenge uchigadzira eccentric parts, panofanira kunge paine huremu hwakakwana hwekuenzanisa pakati pesimba regiravhiti rechuck, uye kumhanya kwemotokari kunofanirwa kunge kwakakodzera.

2.1.1.Panofanira kunge paine matanho ekudzivirira ezvishandiso zvinoenda kupfuura fuselage.

2.1.2 Kugadziriswa kwechigadziro chekushandisa kunofanira kunonoka.Kana iyo tipi yezvishandiso iri 40-60 mm kure nechikamu chekugadzirisa chebasa, bhuku rekushandisa kana rekushanda rinofanirwa kushandiswa panzvimbo, uye kukurumidza kudyisa hakubvumidzwe kubata zvakananga chishandiso.

2.1.3 Paunenge uchipukuta workpiece nefaira, chibatiso chinofanira kudzoserwa panzvimbo yakachengeteka, uye mushandisi anofanira kutarisana nechuck, neruoko rworudyi mberi uye ruoko rworuboshwe shure.Pane kiyi nzira pamusoro, uye workpiece ine mativi gomba haibvumirwi kugadziriswa nefaira.

2.1.4 Paunenge uchikwenenzvera denderedzwa rekunze reworkpiece nemucheka we emery, mushandisi anofanirwa kubata mativi maviri ejira reemary nemaoko ese kuti apendeke zvichienderana nemamiriro ataurwa muchinyorwa chapfuura.Zvinorambidzwa kushandisa minwe yako kubata jira rinoputika kuti upore mukati megomba.

2.1.5 Panguva yekudyisa banga, diki diki rinobata banga rinofanira kugadziridzwa kuti rive neruzevha nehwaro kudzivirira hwaro kubva pakubata chuck.

2.1.6 Paunenge uchicheka makuru uye anorema workpieces kana zvinhu, yakakwana machining allowance inofanira kuchengetwa.

3. Kupaka basa
3.1 Cheka simba uye bvisa workpiece.

3.2 Mabatiro echikamu chimwe nechimwe anodonhedzwa pasi kusvika pa zero chinzvimbo, uye zvishandiso zvinoverengwa nekucheneswa.

3.3 Tarisa mamiriro emudziviriro wega wega.

4. Kuchengetedza panguva yekushanda
4.1 Inorambidzwa zvachose kune vasiri vashandi kushandisa muchina.

4.2 Izvo zvinorambidzwa zvachose kubata chishandiso, chikamu chinotenderera chemuchina wemuchina kana chinotenderera workpiece panguva yekushanda.

4.3 Hazvibvumidzwe kushandisa emergency stop.Muchiitiko chekukurumidzira, mushure mekushandisa bhatani iri kumira, rinofanirwa kutariswa zvakare zvinoenderana nemirairo isati yatanga muchina chishandiso.

4.4 Hazvitenderwi kutsika pamusoro penjanji, screw rod, polished rod, nezvimwewo zvelathe.Kunze kwemitemo, hazvibvumirwi kushanda mubato netsoka panzvimbo yemaoko.

4.5 Kune zvikamu zvine blister, shrinkage maburi kana keyways pamadziro emukati, triangular scrapers hazvibvumirwi kutema maburi emukati.

4.6 Mhepo yakamanikidzwa kana mvura yekumanikidza yepneumatic rear hydraulic chuck inofanirwa kusvika kune yakatsanangurwa kukosha isati yashandiswa.

4.7 Paunenge uchishandura slender workpieces, kana kureba kwepamberi kwemativi maviri emusoro wemubhedha kunopfuura kane dhayamita, iyo yepakati inofanira kushandiswa maererano nemitemo yemaitiro.Center rest kana chitsitsinho chitsigiro chekuzorora.Varindi uye zviratidzo zvekunyevera zvinofanira kuwedzerwa kana zvichibuda shure kwemusoro wemubhedha.

4.8 Paunenge uchicheka brittle metals kana kucheka zvinoputika nyore (kusanganisira kugaya), mabheti ekudzivirira anofanira kuwedzerwa, uye vashandi vanofanira kupfeka magirazi ekudzivirira.
Mamiriro Ekushandisa

Iko kushandiswa kwakajairwa kwema lathes akajairwa kunofanirwa kusangana nemamiriro anotevera: magetsi emagetsi emagetsi emagetsi panzvimbo yemuchina idiki, tembiricha yakadzika yakaderera kupfuura 30 degrees Celsius, uye hunyoro husingasviki 80%.

1. Zvido zvezvakatipoteredza zvenzvimbo yemuchina wekushandisa

Nzvimbo yemuchina wemuchina inofanirwa kunge iri kure nekwainozunguza sosi, zuva rakananga uye nemwaranzi yekupisa inofanira kudzivirirwa, uye pesvedzero yekunyorova uye kuyerera kwemhepo kunofanirwa kudzivirirwa.Kana paine sosi yekuzunguza padyo nemuchina chishandiso, anti-vibration grooves inofanirwa kusetwa yakatenderedza muchina chishandiso.Zvikasadaro, zvinokanganisa zvakananga kurongeka kwemuchina uye kugadzikana kwechishandiso chemuchina, izvo zvinokonzeresa kusabatana kwezvikamu zvemagetsi, kutadza, uye kukanganisa kuvimbika kwechishandiso chemuchina.

2. Simba rinodiwa

Kazhinji, lathes akajairwa anoiswa mumusangano wekugadzira, kwete chete tembiricha yemukati inochinja zvakanyanya, mamiriro ekushandisa haana kunaka, asi zvakare kune akawanda marudzi emagetsi emagetsi, zvichikonzera kuchinja kukuru mugetsi remagetsi.Naizvozvo, iyo nzvimbo iyo yakajairwa lathes yakaiswa inoda kudzora kwakasimba kwemagetsi emagetsi.Kuchinja kwemagetsi emagetsi kunofanirwa kunge kuri mukati mechikamu chinotenderwa uye kuramba kwakagadzikana.Zvikasadaro, kushanda kwakajairwa kweCNC system kuchakanganiswa.

3. Tembiricha mamiriro

Ambient tembiricha yeakajairika lathes yakaderera pane 30 madhigirii Celsius, uye tembiricha iri pasi pe80%.Kazhinji kutaura, kune fan yekupedza kana fan inotonhorera mukati meCNC yemagetsi control bhokisi kuchengetedza tembiricha yekushanda yezvikamu zvemagetsi, kunyanya iyo yepakati yekugadzirisa unit, inogara kana tembiricha inochinja zvishoma.Kuwedzeredza tembiricha uye humidity kunoderedza hupenyu hwekutonga system zvikamu uye kutungamirira kukuwedzera kukundikana.Kuwedzera kwekushisa uye humidity, uye kuwedzera kweguruva kuchaita kuti kusungirirwa pabhodhi redunhu rakasanganiswa uye kunokonzera pfupi pfupi.

4. Shandisa mudziyo wemuchina sezvakatsanangurwa mubhuku rekushandisa

Paunenge uchishandisa chishandiso chemuchina, mushandisi haabvumidzwe kushandura maparameter akaiswa nemugadziri mune yekutonga system pakuda.Kumisikidzwa kweaya maparamendi anoenderana zvakananga neakasimba maitiro echimwe nechimwe chikamu chemuchina chishandiso.Chete backlash compensation parameter values ​​inogona kugadziridzwa zvinoenderana nemamiriro chaiwo.

Mushandisi haakwanise kushandura zvishongedzo zvemuchina wekushandisa pakuda, sekushandisa iyo hydraulic chuck kupfuura yakatarwa.Mugadziri anonyatso funga kuenderana kweakasiyana ekubatanidza ma parameter kana achiisa accessories.Kutsiviwa kwemapofu kunokonzeresa kusaenderana kwema paramita mumalink akasiyana, uye zvinotokonzera tsaona dzisingatarisirwe.Kumanikidzwa kwe hydraulic chuck, hydraulic tool rest, hydraulic tailstock uye hydraulic cylinder inofanira kunge iri mukati mehutano hunobvumirwa, uye haibvumirwi kuwedzera pasina.


Nguva yekutumira: Sep-09-2022